How Will We Communicate In The Future?
In many movies and science fiction novels the most various communication technologies are proposed let’s think to Star Trek communicator, in some ways very similar to our smartphones it even seems to have inspired the famous Motorola Star Trek and the iPad: Captain Kirk and the his companions used a touchscreen laptop called PADD.
Or let’s think of the communication through holograms projected through portable systems that we see in the Black Panther or Star Wars movies.
Let’s start with Internet, the public access telecommunications network that connects various devices or terminals around the world. Its origins date back to the now distant 29th October 1969 when a giant computer located in the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park (California) receives a text message consisting of only two letters “Lo”. It is the first message sent online, using the technology known as ARPANET the ancestor of today’s global internet.
But what did that message mean? Nothing. Sent from a room at the University of California at Los Angeles, 600 kilometers to the south, the system that was to deliver it crashed, thus limiting a text to the first two letters that should have read “login” instead. More than fifty years have passed since that day and the Internet has gone from an experimental project supported by the US army to a strategic infrastructure that supports our entire society.
It is no exaggeration to say that our is the “internet civilization”, a tool that has transformed everything: the way we communicate, work, shop, inform ourselves. Even the way we fall in love. The digital revolution of the network has embraced every social sphere of the human being, spreading around the world since 1996 and passing from telephone networks to 56k – which struggled to open a normal web page – up to 5G in mobility, which will allow a surgeon to operate remotely by maneuvering via the Internet the robot that will physically perform the operation.
In 25 years, the internet has gone from being a technology that according to some would go out of fashion in a short time to being the backbone of any social activity. According to Toby Nigrin of the Wikimedia Foundation, the Internet is only at the beginning of its evolution.
But if the evolution of the network is still in its infancy and its maturity is still to come, how will the online world look like in the coming decades? All experts agree on one thing: one of the main drivers of the next evolution of the Internet will be augmented reality.
This technology capable of superimposing the digital world on the physical one certainly represents the next great technological frontier. Imagine getting the GPS directions directly superimposed on the asphalt, seeing the most important information relating to the monuments of the city you are visiting in the form of digital cartoons integrated into the monument itself, being able to preview how a piece of furniture would look in your home.
The world that stands out in front of us will be a mix of physical and virtual and sometimes we will no longer even be able to understand where one ends and the other begins (and we won’t even be interested in understanding it).
We will interact digitally with the physical environment, observe advertising posters tailored to meet our tastes, we will recognize our Facebook contacts because they will digitally carry a label with their name and friends in common.
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Probably in the future we will be able to communicate directly with robots and other machines through brain-machine interfaces inserted directly into the brain to be able to collect signals from nerve cells, but there are difficulties related to the relatively short life of such devices. Each node processes the received signals and transmits the result to subsequent nodes. Thanks to the great computing power of neural networks, augmented reality will be projected from our eyes, we will be able to carry out online searches as today we bring back a memory, we will communicate with distant people in a form of digital telepathy. As Lee Rainie, director of internet research at the Pew Research Center said, “from a certain point of view the internet will be preloaded in our consciousness.”
Would you use a neural network? For which purpose?
Write it in the comments! Neural ink’s goal is to insert the internet into the human brain, connecting the mind to the network via and the chips physically integrated inside the skull, which will translate thoughts into online searches. But how does it work? The idea of a neural interface (Brain Computer Interface, BCI), or the development of tools capable of creating direct communication between our nervous system and the outside, bypassing our corporeality, is certainly not new in the field of neuroscience. Its history has its roots almost a century ago, in 1924, when Hans Berger discovered the existence of electrical activity in the brain thanks to a simple, inexpensive and minimally invasive instrument
the electroencephalogram (EEG). It was not many decades before the US launched a study program on the use of the EEG to understand the communication mechanisms of the brain. In 1976 this interest was met with the demonstration that it was possible to control a cursor on a screen using visual evoked potentials, an electrical response of the visual cortex to the appearance of a visual stimulus.